راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج ابتدای مطهری- نرسیده به میدان آزادگان

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج ابتدای مطهری- نرسیده به میدان آزادگان

 

Onslow, M. (1996). Behavioral management of stuttering. San Diego, CA: Singular Publishing Group.

This book is recommended for gaining a background to learning and behavioural principles, and is also useful for therapeutic implications.

Sheehan, J. (1970). Stuttering: Research and therapy, New York: Harper and Row. There are more recent references to Sheehan’s perspective on stuttering as a struggle between approach and avoidance, but this is one of the most comprehensive.

Van Riper, C. (1982). Stuttering as a learned disorder. In C. Van Riper, The nature of stuttering. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.

Chapter 13 provides a wide coverage of most psychological aspects of stuttering, although Van Riper’s scepticism of operant conditioning comes through.

 

 

7          The development of stuttering

Introduction

One of the most consistent features of stuttering is that it changes as it becomes established, something we have already seen from a number of per¬spectives in previous chapters. From a linguistic perspective, for example, we have noted that the focus of stuttering tends to change from function to content words at around age 8 to 10, and also that stuttering commonly begins with part-word repetition, but later tends to expand to include blocks and prolongations. There may be changes between the way that audi¬tory information is processed in very young children who stutter and older children and adults. The development of stuttering is also associated with

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