راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج میدان توحید-ابتدای خ مهدیه- جنب مخابرات

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج میدان توحید-ابتدای خ مهدیه- جنب مخابرات

 

Ingham (1984) outlines two models of spontaneous recovery: one which explains the phenomenon as an outgrowing or maturing out of the disorder (Johnson et al., 1959); an alternative position held by Wingate (1976) who argues that recovery comes about through quasi-therapeutic practices admin-istered by parents in the case of children who recover from stuttering, and by self amongst adults who similarly overcome their disorder. These two oppos¬ing positions reflect very different views as to the case for early intervention in treatment of the disorder. Onslow (1992) follows Wingate’s contention that there are strong arguments to support the case for early intervention. Curlee and Yairi (1997) concur and offer at least five reasons as to why:

1          The figures for remission in untreated children are lower (Martin & Lindamood, 1986; Ramig, 1993).

2          Less than 50 percent of children who recover spontaneously do so with¬out receiving some therapy and, as a number of reports have pointed out, many of those that do stop who have not received clinical intervention have been helped by parents or other caregivers (e.g., Onslow, Andrews, & Lincoln, 1994).

3          Witholding treatment from a child who is beginning to stutter is unethical and places them at increased risk of persistent stuttering (Starkweather, 1997).

4          There is growing evidence that early treatment is highly effective (e.g., Onslow, Packman, & Harrison, 2003; Starkweather, 1997).

5          There is no evidence that early treatment does any harm (e.g., Stark¬weather, 1997).

On the other hand, some believe that treatment may be justifiably withheld for a period up to and beyond one year post onset for the following reasons:

1          More than 50 percent of children who start to stutter cease to do so within one year,

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