راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج بلوار شهریار- ۲۰۰متر بعد از انبار نفت- اولین کوچه سمت
This chapter, written by an acknowledged expert in the area of spontaneous recovery from stuttering, expands on the issues raised above regarding this complex phenomenon.
Van Riper, C. (1982). The nature of stuttering. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. An excellent source for Van Riper’s track theory.
Yairi, E., Ambrose, N., & Cox, N. (1996). Genetics of stuttering: A critical review.
Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 39, 771-784.
A very useful review of genetic research.
8 The nature of cluttering
No one is 100 percent fluent. Even the most eloquent and articulate speaker makes speech errors once in a while, and probably most of us make them rather more frequently than we would like. We might, for example, insert postponing words or sounds “um … er …” or maybe we will rephrase a sentence that we realized, whilst in the act of speaking, was not going to present our point quite as we had intended. Perhaps we might also repeat words from time to time, or “trip up” over words. I have heard a number of people, when aware and embarrassed at having producing such “muddled” speech, say something like “Oops, I’ve started stuttering, now!” In fact, none of this is stuttering, but these types of errors in speech and language can be considered as “cluttering-like”. When such errors occur consistently and to excess in a person’s speech this indeed can be called “cluttering”.