راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج کلاک بالا- بلوار کارگر شدقی و غربی
defining the range of behaviours that clinicians see in their clinics.
- Cluttering is a disorder of Guency which is related to but different to stuttering. At present, there is no data that supports a single debn- ition of the disorder. The search for a data-based debnition must be an urgent priority.
- Cluttering is likely to contain one or more of the following key elem-ents: abnormally fast speech rate, or uncontrolled bursts of fast speech; reduced intelligibility due to overcoarticulation and indistinct articulation; disturbances in language planning; greater than expected number of disBuencies.
- Cluttering commonly exists alongside other disorders including stuttering and, in children, attention debcit hyperactivity disorder. Cluttering behaviours may overlap with those seen in articulation disorders, language disorders, learning difbculty and attention debcit hyperactivity disorders.
- Like stuttering, there may be repetition of sound units, but the other core elements in stuttering, blocking and prolongations, are not present. Also like stuttering, cluttering usually occurs in childhood and there may be a genetic component to its acquisition.
- Unlike stuttering, cluttering is commonly associated with difbculties with higher level language expression, articulation, rhythm, consist-ency of speech rate and often fast rate of speech, although there is disagreement as to which of these features are required to be present in order to diagnose the disorder. Cluttering may also be associated with reading disorders and poor writing.
• Some claim that, in addition to the speech and language symptoms, there is a cluttering stereotype, characterized by unawareness of any speech/language difbculty, poor organizational