راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج بلوار چمران تا میدان امام حسین
Duration is assessed by finding the three longest stuttering moments and then calculating the mean length of time of these three. Like the raw figures on frequency of stuttering, this time, calculated in seconds regardless of the stuttering subtype, is then converted to a total duration score. In the original version, Riley advocated counting words and expressing the frequency count in terms of percentages of stuttered words. As already mentioned, this can create some problems when a person stutters more than once on a single word. The SSI-3 (1994) now requires calculations in syllables.
This third section has the clinician evaluate a range of secondary stuttering behaviours, grouped into four subcategories on a scale of 0 (none) to 5 (severe and painful looking). The scores for each subcategory are then added together to make the physical concomitants score.
The frequency task score, duration score and physical concomitants scores are then totalled to give the total overall score. This score can then be meas¬ured against the severity ratings, ranging from 0 (very mild) to 45 (very severe) which are included in the SSI test.
9 The measurement and assessment of stuttering 171 Assessment of attitudes toward stuttering
From the late 1960s, the development of assessments devoted to the client’s attitude toward stuttering began to be explored. One of the first and most enduring of these was the Perceptions of Stuttering Inventory (PSI; Woolfe, 1967). This assessment procedure looks at stuttering from three perspectives: struggle, expectancy and avoidance. A further and equally enduring cognitive assessment has been the S-24 scale (Andrews & Cutler, 1974). Although not as comprehensive as the PSI, the S-24 was faster to administer and has sub-sequently become arguably the most used