راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج کلاک بالا- انتهای بلوار اسکندری- روبروی مسجدالکریم

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج کلاک بالا- انتهای بلوار اسکندری- روبروی مسجدالکریم   discussion in the case of younger children). We could say that the former approach deals with stuttering, while the latter deals with the person who stutters. Both perspectives have attracted sharp criticism, although thankfully the issue is not as divisive as it once was. However, there are some who believe that attitudinal adjustment must be made the central issue in stuttering therapy (and therefore in assessment also). For such people, objective…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده چالوس- روستای بیلقان

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده چالوس- روستای بیلقان   It is unusual to single out such an old text for selected reading, but Deso Weiss’s work is still influential today. Many of the ideas that he raised still form the basis of current discussion and this text is still frequently referred to by today’s authorities. Part II The treatment of stuttering and cluttering     9          The measurement and assessment of stuttering Introduction Stuttering is a complex multifactorial phenomenon, characterized not only by…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج ابتدای جاده چالوس

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج ابتدای جاده چالوس   skills and poor memory. The term cluttering spectrum behaviour is proposed as a descriptor for those who display cluttering characteristics or tendencies but do not warrant a diagnosis of CcluttererO Further reading Daly, D. A., & Burnett, M. L. (1999). Cluttering: Traditional views and new perspec¬tives. In R. F. Curlee (Ed.), Stuttering and related disorders of fluency. New York: Thieme. David Daly and Michelle Burnett provide a very readable review of thinking on the subject…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج کلاک بالا- بلوار کارگر شدقی و غربی

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج کلاک بالا- بلوار کارگر شدقی و غربی   defining the range of behaviours that clinicians see in their clinics. Key points Cluttering is a disorder of Guency which is related to but different to stuttering. At present, there is no data that supports a single debn- ition of the disorder. The search for a data-based debnition must be an urgent priority. Cluttering is likely to contain one or more of the following key elem-ents: abnormally fast speech rate, or…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج بیلقان- خط چهارم حصار و وسیه

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج بیلقان- خط چهارم حصار  و وسیه   clutter¬ing may also be seen under the headings of articulation and language dis¬orders. In the same way that we would not diagnose acquired cluttering for a person with, say, elements of high-level aphasia and mild dysarthria, could we not then make a case for cluttering to be nothing more than a mixture of (already recognized) speech language difficulties, rather than a separate clin¬ical entity? Weiss’ interesting (1964) perspective of cluttering as being…

Read More

بهشت و تک ماکارون

بهشت و تک ماکارون   such a person could be described as being on the “cluttering spectrum” and, as such, displaying CSB. This term can also be particularly helpful when describing the speech of those who show elements of other speech or language disorders, which as we have already seen can be a common and confusing element of the disorder. Let’s take another example of an adult who attends an assessment with some cluttering symptoms. In addition though, this individual has been diagnosed as clinically depressed and there are elements…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده شهریار بعد از شهرک صنعتی سیمین دشت بین دشت

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده شهریار بعد از شهرک صنعتی سیمین دشت بین دشت   Weiss (1964), still a respected authority on cluttering, takes a more radical stance on the relationship between stuttering and cluttering, but while his argument that both cluttering and stuttering develop from the same physio¬logical anomaly remains viable, his contention that cluttering underpins most stuttering does not stand up to empirical testing. (Were this to be the case fluency clinicians successfully treating stuttering might expect to find clutter¬ing to…

Read More

خیابان امید و کارخانه آرد

خیابان امید و کارخانه آرد   behaviour. Findings such as these have led some to consider the relationship between cluttering and ADHD (Daly, 1992). Cluttering has also been linked with specific learning disorders (SLD). Wiig and Semel (1984) argue that the type of disfluencies that occur in LD children (interjec¬tions, pauses, word repetition and word revision) also appear in cluttered speech. St Louis and Myers (1997) state that “some of these disfluent LD children might be regarded more appropriately as clutterers” (p. 317). Cluttering and stuttering A complicating factor in…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج حاشیه جاده شهریار-شهرک صنعتی سیمین دشت-حدفاصل

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج حاشیه جاده شهریار-شهرک صنعتی سیمین دشت-حدفاصل   adulthood. In stark contrast to the difficulties experienced by many adolescents who stutter during their secondary school years, the vast majority of these speakers experi¬ence few ramifications to their cluttering speech patterns. The speech/language characteristics are also usually taken for granted by peers at school and else-where. While there may be some amusement at the features of the clutterer’s speech, there are usually only minor (if any) social penalties associated with it,…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج روبروی لوکوموتیوسازی-بلوار مپنا

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج روبروی لوکوموتیوسازی-بلوار مپنا   Development of cluttering Like stuttering, cluttering usually develops in the preschool years, but it is quite possible for it to go undiscovered or misdiagnosed for many years. In one sense this is understandable because, as mentioned earlier, some aspects of cluttered speech can be regarded as being typical of normal disfluency, and many of the problems associated with the disorder may be seen as part and parcel of the normal speech/language developmental process. Often any…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج رزکان نو- کوچه ارغوان ۶

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج رزکان نو- کوچه ارغوان ۶   but are also present in noncommunicative actions, which give rise to inattentiveness and problems with cognitive functions such as high-level short-term memory. This can explain the impression of absentmindedness and the more general lack of awareness that some commentators believe exist amongst this group of speakers. Typically, the poor self-monitoring can translate as poor listening skills and these, together with inattentiveness, may lead to misunderstandings and inappropriate comments and responses. Although a significant…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج رزکان نو- بلوار امیرکبیر- خیابان سنبل

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج رزکان نو- بلوار امیرکبیر- خیابان سنبل   is a problem, but be unable to do anything about it, or be unaware of the signifi¬cance of the problem from the listener’s perspective. For example, there may be awareness of a fast speech rate and they might even volunteer that, for example, people are always telling them to slow down or to repeat. However, the individual usually has no sense that something is actually pathologically wrong in the way that speech…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج رزکان-بلوار امیرکبیر-خیابان لاله

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج رزکان-بلوار امیرکبیر-خیابان لاله   an output that, as the title suggests, is indirect, and explores linguistic “dead-ends”. Speech may become subject to pause, hesitation and revision as it progresses. This term provides a cover-all for a range of difficulties listed above. The term was originally applied to the language of younger children, but is now frequently used to refer to older children and adults. 3          Pragmatic level The person who clutters may experience more generalized difficulties with expressive language,…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد- سعدی جنوبی- انتهای گلستان دوم

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد- سعدی جنوبی- انتهای گلستان دوم   Language components Language may be affected at a number of levels: 1          Grammar and syntax Excessive amount of phrase repetitions and revisions may occur due to language formulation difficulties. Problems with verb conjugation and incorrect pronoun and pre¬position usage. Sentences may be simplified and word order may be incorrect. Function words in particular may be prone to deletion. Incomplete sentences. Sentences may tail off unfinished (St Louis, Hinzman, & Hull, 1985).…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج شهرک ۱۷شهریور- پارک ۱۷ شهریور- جنب مسجد

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج شهرک ۱۷شهریور- پارک ۱۷ شهریور- جنب مسجد   4          Lack of speech rhythm. Whether accompanied by tachylalia or not, most experts would agree that this is a good diagnostic indicator of cluttering (Daly, 1996; St Louis, 1992; St Louis et al., 2003). Speech may be charac-terized by jerky bursts of fast speech, interspersed with inappropriate short pauses. These pauses, and subsequent abrupt onset of speech, may give a staccato impression to speech delivery. Because of this, some people who…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج خیابان سعدی- پایین تر از میدان عشاق الحسین

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج خیابان سعدی- پایین تر از میدان عشاق الحسین   We can now look at some of the subcomponents of cluttering which have been considered significant in a little more detail. Motor components 1          Tachylalia. This is perhaps the most often symptom reported by the lay person. “Fred speaks really quickly. I really find it hard to understand him, sometimes.” Although a fast rate is a strong feature of the disorder, it is fast bursts of speech interspersed with short…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد- خیابان سعدی جنوبی- نبش میدان عشاق الحسین

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد- خیابان سعدی جنوبی- نبش میدان عشاق الحسین   5          Imprecise articulation (e.g., distorts sounds)     82.00 6          Irregular speech rate; speaks in spurts  82.00 7          Interjections; revisions; filler words       80.00 8          Compulsive talker; verbose; circumlocutions common   80.00 9          Language disorganized; confused wording        78.33 10        Seems to verbalize before adequate thought formulation         75.00     Very recently, in an attempt to arrive at some consensus of opinion as to the disorder’s significant features, Daly and Cantrell (2006) called on…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد- خیابان سعدی جنوبی- نبش میدان عشاق الحسین

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد- خیابان سعدی جنوبی- نبش میدان عشاق الحسین   Ward, 2004). It is common for cluttering to present more as a language problem than a motoric one. In such cases speech output is more likely to show a lack of linguistic fluency, characterized by poorly constructed language rather than as an output which is motorically disrupted (see below for examples of linguistic and motoric cluttering). St Louis, Myers, Faragasso, Townsend, and Gallaher (2004) explored listeners’ perceptions of the…

Read More

)

)   cluttering underpinned all stuttering – an opinion which is not shared by authorities nowadays. EEG evidence for an organic explanation has found those who clutter to show more abnormal patterns than those who stutter (Langova & Moravek, 1964; Luschinger & Arnold, 1965; Moravek & Langova, 1962). Luschinger and Arnold (1965) found that while a group of people who stutter had essen¬tially normal EEG patterns, 90 percent of those diagnosed with cluttering evidenced deviant EEG traces. Like stuttering, cluttering has been observed as a feature of Tourette’s syndrome (Van…

Read More

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد-بعد از پل عابر پیاده(روبروی شهرداری منطقه ۱۰

راهکارهای درمانی خاص در درمان لکنت زبان کلینیک تخصصی لکنت کرج جاده ملارد-بعد از پل عابر پیاده(روبروی شهرداری منطقه ۱۰   Louis provides the only definition that directly implicates loss of fluency. (Interestingly, a little later Daly, 1996 included lack of awareness as a mandatory feature of cluttering: a point we shall return to below and in chapter 17 on cluttering therapy.) More recently, St Louis, Raphael, Myers, and Bakker (2003, p. 4) have offered a reworked definition: Cluttering is a syndrome characterized by a speech delivery which is either…

Read More